Our results suggest that the racial hierarchy framework best explains lower likelihood of involvement among Asian American men. Studies that focus on population-based samples are a case in point. While a growing number of studies utilizing these samples have included romantic relationships along with co-residential unions, they have predominately focused on the racial mix of partners in relationships Blackwell and Lichter ; Sassler and Dting Studies highlighting differences in patterns of romantic involvement among racial and ethnic groups have focused largely on adolescents e.
Prior studies on the relationship patterns of young adults have not given adequate attention to how partnering differs across race and ethnic groups Sassler Especially troubling is the fact that the vast majority of these studies fail to distinguish the relationship dating disparity east asian women of Asian American men and women. In a recent exception, Brown, Van Hook, and Glick compared non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, Dislarity, and Asians ages 20 to 34 with respect to current co-residential involvement and found that black men and wommen had the lowest levels of co-residential involvement Asians on the other hand, displayed the largest gender gap in co-residential involvement; just The gender xisparity in involvement among Asians is consistent with research highlighting the emasculation of Asian American men as well studies that document their marginalization from internet mate markets.
For example, using a non-random sample of opposite-sex daters on Yahoo personals, Feliciano, Robnett, and Komaie found that Asian American men were systematically excluded from by women from all racial and ethnic groups including Asian American women. The focus on co-residential unions not only neglects those in romantic and sexual relationships, but also those who are excluded from romantic involvement. We fill an important gap dating disparity east asian women research on young adult relationships by focusing on the experiences of Asian American men relative to patterns of romantic involvement for all major racial, ethnic, and gender groups simultaneously.
Data from the most recent dating disparity east asian women. We first review and synthesize competing frameworks concerning factors that promote and impede dahing involvement among young adults. We focus our attention disprity the implications of these frameworks for Asian Americans, a group that is generally neglected by studies focusing on union formation and status.
We then consider the role that individual characteristics play in race-ethnic gaps among men and women using logistic regression models. Importantly, our study is dating disparity east asian women the first to focus on any relationship involvement among a national sample of young adults across multiple racial and ethnic groups and by gender in examining patterns of exclusion from the dating market.
Theoretical frameworks addressing romantic partnering have typically focused on the decision to form a romantic relationship, preferences for characteristics of partners, and goals for relationships e. According to these frameworks, aspects of partnering not only differ by period of the life course, but also across race dating disparity east asian women ethnic groups Sassler We ask the question, why are some adults at this stage of the life course not currently partnered?
Further, we add to the literature by considering a third explanation that emphasizes the role of racial hierarchies in shaping romantic involvement. Structural explanations suggest that the ability to form a romantic relationship depends on how individual-level free senior lesbian dating site and other traits e. It may be that those who are not currently involved simply lack both economic and physical resources necessary to form a romantic relationship.
In addition, structural explanations highlight the role that imbalances in local sex ratios e. In contrast, cultural explanations suggest that the norms and values of some racial and ethnic groups e. Critical race perspectives explicitly argue that racial hierarchies define desirability in ways e. We elaborate on all three of these perspectives below to develop expectations on racial and ethnic patterns of romantic involvement among men and women, but focus on Asian Americans.
Structural frameworks highlight the role of individual characteristics in explaining dating disparity east asian women formation of romantic relationships. The assumption of this framework is that individuals seek partners with the most desirable characteristics and the characteristics desired in a mate are gendered. For diisparity, physical attractiveness has long been valued in women while economic resources have traditionally been valued in men Sassler and Joyner As individuals who are most desirable pair off with each other, those dating disparity east asian women are less desirable end up with partners who are comparable in terms of desirability Becker ; England et al.
Studies continue to show dating disparity east asian women employment and earnings increase the likelihood of marriage, especially among men e. Disparityy that higher socioeconomic attainment of men increases their desirability as potential mates, we would expect Asian American men to have better prospects of involvement than their white, black, or Hispanic male counterparts. After they have much higher levels of educational attainment and income.
Still, there is considerable heterogeneity in the educational attainment of Asians, with South Asians, Chinese, and Koreans faring better than whites and those from Cambodia and Laos doing worse Kao and Thompson qomen Prior studies have examined the role of physical characteristics in mate selection, but they have most heavily focused on associations between partner characteristics in marriage e.